Inn Dein Pagoda
PICTURED: Inn Dein Pagoda
  • The Mon Settlers

    The history of Myanmar (Burma) is long and storied. The first historically documented inhabitants of the region are the Mon, whose trade and cultural links to India are the basis for Buddhism taking root in the land. The Mon settle throughout the south… in the Gulf of Mottana, along the Chao Phraya River, and in the Irrawaddy Delta.

    Myanmar History 600 BC
  • Anawrahta & Bagan

    King Anawrahta founds the first unified Burmese state at Bagan and officially adopts Theravada Buddhism. This is followed by a period of unprecedented growth and prosperity. Thousands of temples and hundreds of monasteries are built and the great kingdom at Bagan flourishes.

    Myanmar History 1057
  • The Anglo-Burmese War

    The first Anglo-Burmese War ends with the Treaty of Yandabo, according to which the Burmese kingdom cedes the Arakan coastal strip, between Chittagong and Cape Negrais, to British India. In 1886, the entire country becomes a province of British India.

    Myanmar History 1824-86
  • Colonial Burma

    Burma is separated from British India and becomes a crown colony. Many of the colonial architectural relics in Yangon date from this period.

    Myanmar History 1937
  • National Independence

    Burma gains its independence. General Aung San and others instrumental in winning independence are assassinated before the new country is even set up. The first prime minister of the country is U Nu.

    Myanmar History 1948
  • The One Party State

    (The One-Party State) – U Nu’s government is ousted in a military coup led by General Ne Win, who abolishes the federal system, nationalizes the economy, and forms a single-party state run by the Socialist Programme Party.

    Myanmar History 1962
  • The Rise of The Lady

    Aung San Suu Kyi, the daughter of Aung San, and leader of the current Burmese opposition political party, the National League for Democracy, is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her commitment to peaceful change.

    Myanmar History 1991
  • Modern Reforms Begin

    Thein Sein is sworn in as president of a new, nominally civilian government. The new president abolishes pre-publication censorship, meaning that reporters no longer have to submit their copy to state censors.

    Myanmar History 2011
  • The Future Ahead

    U.S. President Barack Obama visits Myanmar (Burma) to offer “the hand of friendship.” This is seen as a hopeful sign that socio-political reforms will continue. These developments open the country to more visits by international travelers.

    Myanmar History 2012

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